In eusocial bees, ants and wasps there are only a few individuals that are able to reproduce. The female reproductive is known as a Gyne. To found new colonies a new, unmated, gyne leaves the colony and mates with a male reproductive (a drone in the case of bees). The female then forms her own colony with her as queen.

A photograph of alate (winged) ants mating.

A photograph of alate (winged) ants mating. The gyne (female) is the larger of the two ants, the male is much smaller.
Photograph by Dave Parker licensed under Creative Commons.

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