Glossary terms beginning with M
- the common name given to the larvae of some species of true fly (Diptera).
Read more on: Maggots
- Malaise trap
- a malaise trap is an insect trap specifically designed to collect flying insects.
Read more on: Malaise trap
- a disease caused by protozoan parasites.
Read more on: Malaria
- Malpighian tubules
- the main excretory system of insects and some other invertebrates.
Read more on: Malpighian tubules
- a pair of mouthparts used for biting or cutting in Arthropods.
Read more on: Mandibles
- cf. Neuroptera - the Order Neuroptera are primitive insects. The Order contains about 4,000 species. Insects in the Order are known by a variety of names including Lacewings, Antlions and Mantidflies.
- cf. Mantodea - the Mantodea (or Praying mantids) are an Order of predatory insects. Praying mantids get their common name from the stance they commonly adopt.
- the Mantodea (or Praying mantids) are an Order of predatory insects. Praying mantids get their common name from the stance they commonly adopt.
Read more on: Mantodea
- Maple bug
- cf. Boxelder bug - a true bug found in America that can gather in large numbers within houses and become a nuisance.
- part of an insect's mouthparts. They are paired and used to hold or manipulate food.
Read more on: Maxilla
- May bug
- cf. Scarab - a family of beetles that have distinctively shaped antennae and are often metallic in colouration.
- cf. Ephemeroptera - the Ephemeroptera/mayflies are an Order of insects with an aquatic larval stage. The adults are very short lived with some living for just one day.
- cf. Darkling beetle - a species of beetle that is dark in colour and less than 2cm in length when adult. The larvae of the beetle are called mealworms and are captive bred for use as live food.
- the Mecoptera (or Scorpionflies) are an Order of insects containing around 300 species worldwide.
Read more on: Mecoptera
- the Order Megaloptera are primitive insects. The Order contains about 300 species. Insects in the Order are known by a variety of names including Alderflies, Dobsonflies and Fishflies.
Read more on: Megaloptera
- Mercury vapour lamp
- a type of lamp used in moth traps.
Read more on: Mercury vapour lamp
- cf. Gut - the main digestive organ in insects.
- the process of development of an organism that involves distinct stages with an abrupt change between them.
Read more on: Metamorphosis
- an Order of insects within the Apterygota (wingless insects).
Read more on: Microcoryphia
- the name given to a number of species of, often biting, fly in the suborder Nematocera.
Read more on: Midge
- cf. Diplopoda - the Diplopoda are a group of arthropods more commonly known as millipedes.
- the circumstances whereby one species of organism resembles another.
Read more on: Mimicry
- a general term, with no true biological meaning, used to describe a variety of different invertebrates.
Read more on: Minibeast
- a group of small arachnids that have a very diverse habit ranging from parasitism to free-living organisms.
Read more on: Mite
- Modern evolutionary synthesis
- the process of evolution which is based on the work of Charles Darwin but also includes more recent discoveries and findings from modern scientific research and genetics.
Read more on: Modern evolutionary synthesis
- the molluscs (animals in the phylum Mollusca) are soft-bodied invertebrates including slugs, snails, squid and octopus.
Read more on: Mollusc
- Moonlander trap
- cf. Moth trap - a device used to attract and capture moths which can then be studied.
- insects that belong to the same species but have a distinctly different appearance.
Read more on: Morph
- cf. Lepidoptera - butterflies and Moths/Order Lepidoptera are probably the most widely studied order of invertebrates. The Order comprises some 160,000 species.
- Moth trap
- a device used to attract and capture moths which can then be studied.
Read more on: Moth trap
- Moulted skin
- cf. Exuvia - the cast-off outer skin of an arthropod after a moult.
- cf. Ecdysis - moulting of the arthropod cuticle.
- cf. Puddling - the aggregation of some insects on wet soil or dung to obtain moisture and nutrients.
- Mullerian mimicry
- two or more species with a similar appearance, each has characteristics unpleasant to predators.
Read more on: Mullerian mimicry
- a species having many broods per year.
Read more on: Multivoltine
- symbiotic relationship between two organisms where both organisms benefit from the relationship.
Read more on: Mutualism
- MV lamp
- cf. Mercury vapour lamp - a type of lamp used in moth traps.
- an infestation of the living tissues of a vertebrate animal by fly larvae.
Read more on: Myiasis
- a term previously used to describe the group of arthropods containing the millipedes and centipedes.
Read more on: Myriapoda
- the Myrmeleontidae are a Family of Neuroptera commonly called Antlions. The adults superficially resemble dragonflies. The larvae are well-known for their predatory habit.
Read more on: Myrmeleontidae
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