A group of terms related to general biology.
Terms in this group
a sub-class of Arachnids that are more commonly known as mites and ticks.
- Adenotrophic viviparity
a type of development where eggs hatch within the female insect and the larvae are nourished until ready to pupate. At this stage the larvae are laid and pupate immediately.
a period of summer dormancy.
relating to wings.
the annelids (animals in the phylum Annelida) are invertebrates including earthworms and leeches.
the use of bright colouration to advertise that an organism is dangerous or unpalatable.
arboreal animals are those that live in trees.
- Batesian mimicry
a type of mimicry where one organism mimics a poisonous or unpalatable one.
- Binomial naming system
the system used to name species.
an intense period of biological recording (usually lasting 24 hours) within a specific area.
a term meaning the variety of life, in all its forms.
- Biological control
the use of one living organism to control a pest species by humans.
- Biological recording
the diligent recording of biodiversity, coupled with the use of computers to process this information, and to learn from it.
a temporary structure formed to protect the queen and larvae of army and driver ants.
- Brood parasitism
a form of parasitism whereby the parasite uses another organism to raise the parasite's offspring rather than the host's own offspring.
- Bubonic plague
a bacterial disease that is often fatal and is transmitted between mammalian hosts by fleas.
a term used to describe the body shape of insect larvae that have well developed legs and antennae and a flattened body.
a term used to describe the body shape of insect larvae that have short legs, short cerci and a flattened body.
an organism whose diet is primarily composed of meat.
a substance created by social bees that is used to make structures within the bee nest.
one of the seven taxonomic ranks used to classify living organisms. Class comes after Phylum and before Order.
a coleopterist is someone who studies beetles (Coleoptera).
symbiotic relationship between two organisms where one organism benefits from the relationship and the other is unaffected.
the maintenance and protection of biodiversity.
organisms of the same species.
a feeding behaviour where an organism eats excrement/faeces.
a region or vein at the front of an insect's wing.
a term describing animals active during dawn and dusk.
the ability for a organism to blend in with its environment.
- Cryptic speciation
a biological process resulting in a group of species that cannot interbreed but which have individuals that are morphologically identical.
a phrase used to describe the legs of some insects and other invertebrates that are modified for running.
the term used to describe the process of evolution through natural selection.
- Dengue fever
a disease, caused by the Dengue virus, transmitted to humans by mosquitoes.
detritivores are animals whose diet is primarily composed of decaying organic matter.
the arrested development of an organism. Diapause is often the result of environmental conditions.
- Dichotomous key
a method used to help identify an organism.
the presence of two different forms of an organism in a population.
the part of an appendage (leg, wing, antenna etc) that is farthest from the body.
diurnal animals are those that are active during the day.
structures produced by plants for arthropods that they have a symbiotic relationship with. These structures usually provide the arthropods with shelter.
the upper surface of an organism.
- Drawdown zone
A frequently exposed area at the edge of a body of water.
the common name given to annelids within the Class Oligocheata. Earthworms are very important for introducing organic matter to soil.
the emergence of an insect from a pupa or egg.
the study of ecosystems.
a relationship between different organisms that interact with each other and their environment.
an animal that lives externally on another animal but does not kill it.
a parasite that lives externally on another animal and ultimately kills it.
animals that cannot regulate their body temperature relative to the environment.
the first stage in the life cycle of many insects and other animals.
a term used to describe the body shape of insect larvae that are worm-like.
an organism is said to be endemic if it is only found in one specific location in the world.
a parasite that lives inside another animal and ultimately kills it.
animals that maintain their body temperature above the ambient temperature of the environment.
the study of insects.
a feeding behaviour where an organism eats insects. Many organisms survive on a diet of insects.
the name given to an organism living on the soil surface.
an unusually large number of new cases of a disease within a population.
a term used to describe the body shape of insect larvae that caterpillar-like.
insects living together in a colony with only some individuals able to reproduce.
the number of eggs or offspring produced by an animal.
- Food plant
the type of plant eaten by a particular species.
a phrase used to describe the legs of some insects and other invertebrates that are modified for digging.
the droppings of insect larvae.
one of the seven taxonomic ranks used to classify living organisms. Genus comes after Family and before Species.
an insect that has some cells that are male and some that are female.
an area with specific environmental conditions in which an organism lives and reproduces.
herbivores are animals whose diet is primarily composed of plant matter.
a period of winter dormancy.
chemicals produced within the body that control metabolic processes.
an organism being attacked by a parasite or a parasitoid.
the name given to an organism living underground.
an organism that is naturally occurring in a specific area.
- Industrial melanism
an increase in the number of darker animals in the environment as a result of soot and other pollutants on surfaces making it easier for predators to find lighter coloured individuals.
- Integrated Pest Management
the use of several complementary strategies to control pest species.
animals without a backbone.
one of the main divisions used in the biological classification/taxonomy of organisms.
an animal that steals food or prey from another animal.
an out-dated theory of how characteristics are passed to offspring. Now superseded by modern evolutionary thought and specifically Darwinism.
the side of an organism.
a gathering of male insects in order to compete for a mate.
someone who studies butterflies and moths (insects in the Order Lepidoptera).
- Life cycle
the stages of the life of an organism.
the Swedish biologist who first described many species and developed the system of naming organisms that is still used today.
- Lyme disease
a disease caused by bacteria transmitted to a mammalian host by a tick.
a disease caused by protozoan parasites.
the process of development of an organism that involves distinct stages with an abrupt change between them.
the circumstances whereby one species of organism resembles another.
a general term, with no true biological meaning, used to describe a variety of different invertebrates.
a group of small arachnids that have a very diverse habit ranging from parasitism to free-living organisms.
- Modern evolutionary synthesis
the process of evolution which is based on the work of Charles Darwin but also includes more recent discoveries and findings from modern scientific research and genetics.
the molluscs (animals in the phylum Mollusca) are soft-bodied invertebrates including slugs, snails, squid and octopus.
insects that belong to the same species but have a distinctly different appearance.
- Mullerian mimicry
two or more species with a similar appearance, each has characteristics unpleasant to predators.
symbiotic relationship between two organisms where both organisms benefit from the relationship.
an infestation of the living tissues of a vertebrate animal by fly larvae.
small workers in a eusocial insect colony; usually these workers are from the first brood.
- Natural history
the study of the natural world.
a feeding behaviour where an organism feeds on carrion from an organism they did not kill.
nocturnal animals are those that are active during the night.
omnivores are animals whose diet is primarily composed of a mixture of plant and animal matter.
a term used to describe the body shape of insect larvae that are flat and broad.
eight-legged invertebrates within the Class Arachnida.
reproducing by means of laying eggs.
a parasite gets benefit from another organism (host) but has a detrimental effect on that organism. Parasites do not kill their host directly.
a relationship between two organisms where one organism gets benefit from the other organism (host) but has a detrimental effect on it. Parasites do not kill their host directly.
an organism that lives on or in another organism and eventually kills it.
the reproduction of an individual whereby offspring are produced without fertilisation by a male.
one organism using another to transport it to a new location.
one of the seven taxonomic ranks used to classify living organisms. Phylum is positioned after Kingdom and before Class.
the process by which pollen from a plant's anther is transferred to another plant's stigma.
a predator is an animal that eats other animals.
the aggregation of some insects on wet soil or dung to obtain moisture and nutrients.
a behaviour exhibited by ticks that increase the chances of them coming in to contact with a suitable host.
a phrase used to describe the grasping fore legs of some insects and other invertebrates.
- Reflex bleeding
a defensive behaviour in some insects where a noxious fluid is exuded by the insect when threatened.
a phrase used to describe the legs of some insects and other invertebrates that are modified for jumping.
pertaining or related to dead or decaying wood.
a term used to describe the body shape of insect larvae that are shaped like the letter C.
the commercial culturing of silkworms to produce silk.
Species is one of the seven taxonomic ranks used to classify living organisms. A species is a group of organisms that can breed and produce fertile offspring.
the act of producing sound, usually by rubbing two body parts together.
relationship between two different species. The relationship may mean that just one species benefits, both benefit or neither benefits.
the behaviour of feigning death, usually to deceive a predator.
a group of ectoparasitic arachnids.
- Type specimen
a specimen that acts as the name bearer for a species.
a vector is an organism that acts as an intermediary host for a parasite and transfers the parasite to the next host.
a toxin made by one organism and injected into another through a sting or bite.
the lower surface of an organism.
a term used to describe the body shape of insect larvae that are maggot-like.
a structure (in biology a bodily organ or appendage) that has been reduced to the point where it no longer functions.
giving birth to live young (not eggs).
the number of broods of an organism within a year.
- Wood borer
insects that feed on wood by boring holes into it.
- X chromosome
a sex chromosome. Females have two copies of the X chromosome in their genome, males have just one.
colouration of an animal that is unusually yellow.
several species living together but without sharing the raising of offspring.
the behaviour of feeding on wood.
- Y chromosome
a sex chromosome. Males have one copy of this chromosome in their genome. Females have no Y chromosome.
- Yellow fever
a virus transmitted by mosquitoes.
the free swimming larvae of many aquatic crustaceans.
someone who studies animals.
the study of animals.
an infectious disease that can be transmitted from an animal to a human.
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